Website Accessibility Information
We are making every effort to be accessible to the disabled community. If you
have accessibility issues, please contact us.
Many documents on our website are available in PDF and other document formats. You can find links to document reader and media player software on our downloads page.
For more information, see the W3C WAI and DOJ Section 508 accessibility guidelines.
Thank you for visiting the Colorado Secretary of State's Web site and for
standardized process for access to and for the collection, storage, use,
transfer, and security of personally identifiable information that may be
obtained through use of the Secretary of State's Web site.
identifiable information is information about an individual that could
reasonably be used to identify that individual. Examples of personal information
include an individual's first and last name, residential address, telephone
number, and email address.
The Colorado Secretary of State fully supports
the protection of individual privacy and minimizes the collection of personally
identifiable information to the least amount of information required to complete
a particular transaction. This policy extends to the collection of all
personally identifiable information, regardless of the source or the
- Collection and Use of Personally Identifiable Information
- Public Records
- Contact Information
Collection and Use of Personally Identifiable Information
The Colorado Secretary of State automatically collects some information
about your visit to our Web site. This information may include:
- Internet Protocol (IP) address and domain name used (an IP address is a
numerical identifier assigned to your Internet Service Provider or directly to
- Type of browser used
- Date and time that you visited this site
- Web pages or services that you accessed at this site.
This data is used to improve the content of our web services and to help
us understand how the public is using these services. In addition, we use your
IP address to direct Internet traffic to you. This is not considered personally
If you send an email message to us during your
visit to our site, the following personally identifiable information will be
- Email address used to send the email message
- Contents of the email.
We collect this information to ensure we respond appropriately. For
example, we may need to address issues you identify, make improvements to our
Web site, or forward your email message to another agency for appropriate
It is our policy to collect no personally identifiable
information about you unless that information is required to complete a
particular transaction. In addition, we collect no personally identifiable
information about you unless you voluntarily participate in activities that ask
for information. Choosing not to participate in these activities will not affect
your ability to use any other features of our Web site.
personally identifiable information shall not include information collected in
furtherance of any regulatory, investigative, or criminal justice purpose;
information collected in furtherance of litigation in which the state is a
party; or information that is required to be collected pursuant to any state or
federal statute or regulation.
The State Open Records Act is applicable to this Privacy
Policy pursuant to the Colorado Revised Statutes, Title 24, Article 72, Part 2,
which states the following: "It is declared to be the public policy of this
state that all public records shall be open for inspection by any person at
reasonable times, except as provided in this part 2 or as otherwise specifically
provided by law." A public record is defined here as “all writings made,
maintained, or kept by the state, any agency, institution, a nonprofit
corporation incorporated pursuant to section 23-5-121 (2), C.R.S., or political
subdivision of the state, or that are described in section 29-1-902, C.R.S., and
held by any local-government-financed entity for use in the exercise of
functions required or authorized by law or administrative rule or involving the
receipt or expenditure of public funds.”
If personal information is
requested on the Web site or is volunteered by the user, state and federal law
may protect that information. However, all information becomes a public record
once it is provided and may be subject to public inspection and copying if not
protected by federal or state law.
Furthermore, the information contained
in many kinds of documents filed with the Secretary of State is electronically
stored and may be made accessible to the public through the Secretary of State's
Web site. Such documents include but are not limited to the following: Lien
filings under the Uniform Commercial Code, campaign reports under the Fair
Campaign Practices Act, and various business entity filings such as articles of
incorporation. Except where disclosure is protected by law, the information that
is electronically stored may be purchased by private individuals and
Users are cautioned that the collection of personal information
requested from or volunteered by children online or by email will be treated the
same as information provided by an adult and may be subject to public
To better serve our
users, we may use "cookies" to customize your browsing experience with us.
Cookies are simple text files stored on your computer by your web browser.
Cookies provide a method of distinguishing among visitors to our Web
Cookies created on your computer by using this Web site do not
contain personally identifying information and do not compromise your privacy or
security. We use the cookie feature only to store a randomly-generated
identifying tag on your computer. You can refuse a cookie or delete a cookie
file from your computer by using any of the widely-available methods.
Services division, as developer and manager of the Colorado Secretary of State's
Web site, has taken several steps to safeguard the integrity of its
telecommunications and computing infrastructure, including but not limited to
authentication, monitoring, and auditing. Security measures have been integrated
into the design, implementation, and day-to-day practices of the entire
operating environment as part of a continuing commitment to risk
Secretary of State's Web site contains links to other Web sites, including Web
sites operated by other government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and
private businesses. When you link to another Web site, you leave our site, which
the Colorado Secretary of State nor any employee of the State of Colorado (1)
warrants the accuracy, reliability, or timeliness of any information published
by this system or (2) endorses any content, viewpoints, products, or services
linked from this system. Neither the Colorado Secretary of State nor any
employee of the State of Colorado shall be held liable for any losses caused by
reliance on the accuracy, reliability, or timeliness of such information.
Portions of such information may be incorrect or obsolete. Any person or entity
that relies on any information obtained from this system does so at his or her
The information contained in this website is provided by the Colorado Secretary
of State as a service to the public. Some services provided require the payment
of fees, and some services are free. The mission of the Department of State is
to provide quick access to the public of the information maintained by the
Use of the information to which access is provided by this
website is the responsibility of the user. The Colorado Secretary of State
retains no liability for the misuse, intended or unintended, of the information
obtained from this website.
This website is intended for use by natural
persons in obtaining information provided by the Secretary of State. Use of
computerized “robots” or “data mining” of the information and images presented
here is prohibited. Misuse of this website is prohibited and may result in the
revocation of access to those persons or organizations using this site in a way
not intended by the Secretary of State.
Purchase of the information
maintained by the Secretary of State is allowed. The Department of State is
required to charge for the purchase of data in bulk, to cover the costs incurred
in maintaining and producing the information. Please refer to the various
subject areas of the website to determine the costs for obtaining data in bulk.
The Secretary of State sets fees on a periodic basis, and a master schedule of
these fees is available on the website. Special requests are also accepted, and
the Secretary of State may be contacted to determine how to meet the needs of a
We make every effort to provide this service as
efficiently and reliably as possible. However, occasional interruptions of
service do occur as we perform routine and non-routine maintenance of the
machines and information provided on this website.
The Secretary of State
appreciates feedback on the subject areas covered by this website, and also
accepts suggestions for improvement. Please contact us as noted in other areas
of the website of your area of concern or comment.
Legal, Business, Tax Advice, Etc.
The Business Division of the Colorado Secretary of State’s Office performs
ministerial duties in connection with receiving and filing business and
commercial records and documents. Our office holds these records for public
inspection and, to a limited extent, enforces associated requirements, all in
accordance with applicable law. We provide various electronic filings, search
and certification services via our website along with other useful information;
and we provide certain forms and related instructions to assist the public with
electronic and paper filings and requests. Our office offers general guidance
and assistance to the public regarding our duties, functions, procedures,
practices and services.
You should not consider any guidance
or assistance that you may receive from the Colorado Secretary of State’s
Office, in any medium, to be legal, business or tax advice. Any such guidance or
assistance is no substitute for the informed advice of competent legal,
business, tax or other professional counsel. If you have substantive questions,
you are encouraged to consult your private attorney, business or tax advisor, or
other professional. The employees of the Colorado Secretary of State’s Office
are not authorized to provide legal, business or tax
Complying with the law pertaining to business
entities, business names, trademarks, Uniform Commercial Code and other lien and
notice filings, and other areas of law within the jurisdiction of the Colorado
Secretary of State, can be challenging. Such compliance begins with ascertaining
the relevant facts and circumstances of the particular case. These are often
unique and are known only to the party interested in such compliance. The
process then involves identifying, analyzing and interpreting all of the law
applicable to the case under such facts and circumstances. That law includes the
pertinent Colorado Revised Statutes (C.R.S.), and any relevant rules,
regulations and case law, and may include federal law and the law of other
jurisdictions. Next, such compliance requires an application of that legal
analysis to such facts and circumstances; reaching correct, prudent, legal
conclusions, taking into account the intent of the interested party; and,
finally, taking appropriate, timely action. Responsibility for such legal
analysis and compliance rests solely with the interested party and not with the
Colorado Secretary of State’s Office.
The Colorado Secretary of State’s
Office has no duty to determine whether a document submitted for filing complies
with any or all requirements of any law. Compliance with applicable law remains
the responsibility of the user. Questions should be addressed to the user's
attorney. If you do not have an attorney, you may obtain a referral from one of
the following sources within the Denver/Boulder/Fort Collins area:
- Metropolitan Lawyer Referral Service: Denver/Boulder area, call 303-831-8000. In the Fort Collins area, call 970-226-2455.
- The Denver Bar Association
- Legal Resource Directory: Information about free or low-cost legal services, including direct
representation, clinics and classes.
If you need a referral in another county within Colorado, you can contact the
Colorado Bar Association at 303-860-1115.
All publications made available by the Colorado
Secretary of State’s Office are provided as a public service. By posting to this
website, neither the Colorado Secretary of State nor the author(s) of these
publications or articles are providing legal advice. All publications available
on the Colorado Secretary of State's website, and any related instructions or
documentation, are offered as a public service and no representation or warranty
is made concerning the application of the legal or other principles discussed by
the authors to any specific fact situation, nor is any prediction made
concerning how any particular judge or other official will interpret or apply
The publications made available by the Secretary of
State’s Office have been prepared by a number of authors over a period of years
and published at differing times under differing circumstances. The information
contained in the publications may be outdated or inaccurate and may be revised
from time to time without notice. While the Colorado Secretary of State’s Office
updates these materials periodically, no representation or warranty is made
regarding the accuracy or reliability or concerning the application of the legal
or other principles discussed by the author(s) to any specific fact situation.
The proper interpretation or application of the principles discussed is a matter
for the considered judgment of the user or his/her legal advisor, and the
Colorado Secretary of State, the Colorado Department of State and its’ staff
disclaims all liability therefore.
Compliance with applicable law remains
the responsibility of the user. Questions should be addressed to the user's
Some of the publications made available on this website are the intellectual
property of the Colorado Secretary of State, and are protected by applicable law
and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the prior written
permission of the Colorado Secretary of State. Contact the
Colorado Secretary of State.
The Colorado Secretary of State's website contains hyperlinks to other
websites, including websites operated by other government agencies, nonprofit
organizations, and private businesses. All hyperlinks are provided solely as a
public service and neither the Colorado Secretary of State nor any employee of
the State of Colorado warrants or endorses any content, viewpoints, products, or
services obtained through hyperlinks from the Colorado Secretary of State
website. Neither the Colorado Secretary of State nor any employee of the
Colorado Department of State shall be held liable for any losses caused by
reliance on the accuracy, reliability, or timeliness of such
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